Fracturas vertebrales: evaluación, diagnóstico y tratamiento

Revisión del tema

  • M. L. Brance Reumatología y Enfermedades Óseas Rosario, Rosario, Argentina
  • N. Cóccaro Sanatorio Británico, Rosario, Argentina
  • M. Pastor Sanatorio Británico, Rosario, Argentina
  • M. Larroudé Centro Rossi, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Palabras clave: fracturas vertebrales, Osteoporosis, Cifoplastia, Vertebroplastia

Resumen

Las fracturas vertebrales son una de las fracturas más comunes relacionadas a la fragilidad ósea y son causa de morbilidad importante. Sin embargo, la epidemiología de las fracturas vertebrales difiere de las fracturas osteoporóticas en otros sitios esqueléticos, ya que solo una tercera parte de las fracturas vertebrales son reconocidas clínicamente y detectadas al realizar una metodología de imagen apropiada, ya que un alto porcentaje presenta FV asintomáticas, las cuales no son detectadas hasta realizar una radiografía simple de columna dorso-lumbar. Por otro lado, la identificación de una fractura vertebral como aguda o crónica, benigna o maligna, hace que el médico tratante presente diferentes estrategias terapéuticas. El objetivo de este artículo de revisión es dar al lector información sobre la epidemiología, los costos, los tipos de fracturas vertebrales, que ocurre con las fracturas vertebrales en las enfermedades reumatológicas, como realizar una evaluación radiográfica de las fracturas vertebrales, la identificación acorde a las diferentes metodologías por imagen, y como es el tratamiento adecuado de las mismas.

Biografía del autor/a

M. L. Brance, Reumatología y Enfermedades Óseas Rosario, Rosario, Argentina
Laboratorio de Biología Ósea, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Rosario, Argentina Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)
N. Cóccaro, Sanatorio Británico, Rosario, Argentina
Servicio de Diagnóstico por Imágenes
M. Pastor, Sanatorio Británico, Rosario, Argentina
Servicio de Traumatología y Ortopedia

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Publicado
2020-09-01
Cómo citar
1.
Brance ML, Cóccaro N, Pastor M, Larroudé M. Fracturas vertebrales: evaluación, diagnóstico y tratamiento: Revisión del tema. Rev. Argent. Reumatol. [Internet]. 1 de septiembre de 2020 [citado 6 de febrero de 2023];31(3):57 -67. Disponible en: https://ojs.reumatologia.org.ar/index.php/revistaSAR/article/view/397